Climate change for the long haul

first_imgAs governments around the world debate steps to slow emissions of greenhouse gases that cause climate change, scientists like Susan Solomon are peering into the future and reaching an uncomfortable conclusion: Even if emissions are stopped in a few decades, the greenhouse gases already in the atmosphere will continue to affect the planet for 1,000 years.Solomon, a senior scientist in the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration’s Chemical Sciences Division, said that long-range computer models show that if greenhouse gas emissions peak in 2100 and fall after that, the carbon dioxide in the atmosphere will decline only slowly. Global temperatures, she said, will remain elevated for a millennium, and sea levels will still rise because of thermal expansion, flooding lowland areas around the globe.If carbon dioxide levels reach 750 parts per million by 2100, and then emissions are stopped entirely, after 1,000 years they will have fallen only to 450 parts per million, Solomon said, still higher than today’s 390 parts per million and much higher than the 270 parts per million from preindustrial days.“The temperature we wind up with will be around for 1,000 years, and sea levels will continue to rise,” Solomon said.Solomon was among several speakers at the Radcliffe Institute for Advanced Study on Friday (April 15) for the institute’s ninth annual science symposium. Astronomy Professor Dimitar Sasselov, senior adviser to the institute’s science program, introduced the symposium, saying that the event, “Something in the Air: Climate Change, Science and Policy,” was a chance to take an interdisciplinary look at climate change.Harvard Astronomy Professor Dimitar Sasselov, senior adviser to the Radcliffe Institute’s science program, introduced the symposium, saying that the event, “Something in the Air: Climate Change, Science and Policy,” was a chance to take an interdisciplinary look at climate change. The event featured a range of speakers largely from outside Harvard, Sasselov said, to bring other perspectives to campus. Speakers from Princeton University, the Washington University in St. Louis, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, the University of Calgary, and other institutions discussed topics as diverse as the effect of climate change on oceans and human health, politics and clean-energy innovation, geo-engineering, water vapor and climate change, and past human adaptability to the change.Jennifer Smith, associate professor of earth and planetary sciences at Washington University, said that if humanity is to rely on tried-and-true coping mechanisms that helped it to survive past episodes of climate change, it may be in trouble.In search of lessons that may be applicable today, Smith examined past societies that are thought to have been affected by changing climates, albeit on regional rather than planetary scales. She looked at the Khmer Empire at Angkor, in what is today Cambodia. By the 12th century, Smith said, an agricultural civilization based on the monsoon rains had arisen and lasted until the 15th century. Looking at archaeological remains shows that the Angkor area had elaborate canals and other waterworks designed to harness the seasonal monsoons for agriculture. A combination of severe droughts interspersed with heavy, destructive monsoons appears to have wrecked the infrastructure and contributed to the civilization’s downfall.Smith said the multiple hits at Angkor illustrate the importance of resiliency if a civilization is to survive serial calamities, both natural and manmade, that can intensify the impact of any one disaster.One observation that emerges from the archaeological evidence, Smith said, is the importance of migration as a human coping mechanism for catastrophic change. The archaeological record of North Africa shows that migration has been an important way for humans to deal with periods of drought in the region that today is dominated by the Sahara desert. It may have been a migratory response to drying climate in East Africa’s Rift Valley region, coupled with a wetter period in North Africa, in fact, that fueled one of two major migrations from the area early in human history, Smith said.Migration may have been an important survival tool for early humans, but with humanity spread around the globe and with climate change affecting the whole planet, that may not be a tool that can be used effectively today, Smith said.“What comes out is just how important migration has always been as an adaptive response,” Smith said. “I see it as a warning that we can’t deal with it as we did.”last_img read more

Making ‘The Friedkin Connection’ at Harvard

first_imgMovie marathons are no longer the exclusive domain of Saturday matinees. In recent decades, scholars have recognized the value of films as texts across many disciplines. A recent gift to the Harvard Library from Academy Award-winning director/producer William Friedkin provides a new trove for researchers to explore religion, politics, morality, and culture in post-classical Hollywood.Friedkin played a pivotal role in the so-called New Hollywood, which reinvented the art and industry of Hollywood filmmaking in the 1970s. His gift includes 35mm exhibition prints of his canonical feature films, most notably “The Exorcist” and “The French Connection,” as well as working materials for his 2013 memoir, “The Friedkin Connection.”“Friedkin’s works were subversive and anti-establishment. He played a huge part in the reconfiguration of the rules of popular cinema,” said Haden Guest, director of the Harvard Film Archive, which received the film prints. “‘The Exorcist’ played for a year nonstop in theaters. More than a film, it was a cultural event of a kind we don’t really see too much today.”While the films joined a robust collection at the Film Archive, the memoir materials mark a new kind of collection for Harvard — cinema memoir.A gifted storyteller, Friedkin had no interest, at first, in sharing his own story. “I wouldn’t be interested in reading it,” he said. A friend and publisher urged him to reconsider, and the resulting memoir, “The Friedkin Connection,” demonstrates his professional acumen and shares highlights from his decades in Hollywood. “It’s about emotions, not facts,” Friedkin said.“There is a tradition of memoir here at Harvard,” said Sarah Thomas, vice president for the Harvard Library and Roy E. Larsen Librarian for the Faculty of Arts and Sciences. “It’s so important to our students and faculty to have that available. We’re very honored to have a piece of Mr. Friedkin here.”At an intimate gathering in Houghton Library, Friedkin gifted Harvard with the original documents for “The Friedkin Connection,” which utilized a unique creative process: Longhand writings were read aloud on tape, and then transcribed back to text. His use of multiple formats prompted extensive editing, and the written and taped manuscripts hold lots of unpublished material, now available for current and future researchers.“This book, which chronicles his storied and extraordinary career, is a really valuable resource for students and researchers of American cinema and American popular culture in general,” explained Guest. “They are a great first step for Harvard to begin acquiring papers related to the cinema.”last_img read more

Thank Goodness

first_imgI nearly decided to go on the Tuesday night ride, but then I couldn’t find the energy to find a babysitter as well as a set of lights after doing the Thanksgiving Day grocery shopping.Thank goodness.I got the groceries put away and a list made of all the crap I forgot, cooked dinner and whipped up some oatmeal cookies for the kids – all the time thinking I should’ve planned to ride on this beautifully warm fall night.It was later, as I lie in my bed to read a few pages whilst sipping a beverage, that I heard the distinct pattering of rain on the deck. It was now that I cheered.You know those times you are in the woods and it’s cold, and wet, and you’re tired, and you can’t see shit, that you start wishing for your warm bed?There you are, sludging the pedals around again and again as the muddy rain sprays up your back, the wheels slipping relentlessly against slick roots as you pedal forward with one stroke and slide back half the distance.Your eyes are squinted nearly shut against the needling pelts because even clear lenses are ridiculous – and now down the front of your shirt. Mud spatters into your bared teeth. The old sweat built up in the foam of your helmet from the last year loosens and begins streaming down your forehead and stinging your eyes. The gloves are squishy and cold, causing the fingers to go numb. What began as a cool sweat in the jersey is now a freezing, soaking cloth plastered to your chest. The rustling wind is now a sheer icy breath. The chamois remains somewhat elusive to large amounts of water, but is now grabbing at little bits of privates, causing you to stand. The downhill is like being sprayed with a hose, powered by a cooling fan, complete with slippery surfaces to cross, lit by headlamp.The shoulders cave forward in a protective embrace, and even if the ride is nearly over, there’s still that part about getting naked next to the truck while trying to keep the seats dry. There’s no hurrying when it comes to wet lycra, and sport bras are hard enough to manage when dry. At least the downpour washes some of the mud away. Then there’s the naked, getting into the front seat to get dressed while sitting on cheerios, candy wrappers and small pocket treasures, i.e. rocks, shells and tacks.The “dry” clothes aren’t all that dry any more and now the interior is layered with wet riding clothes – a smell that never really goes away. God forbid those clothes get left in there overnight, which is of course very tempting when the front door to the house and a hot shower is RIGHT THERE.But no. Tonight I slink down lower beneath the down and clutch my hot, sleepy time tea between my hands in the dim light as I drift in my cocoon to the soothing sounds of rain, my bike safe and dry on its hook in the basement below me.last_img read more

Mystery Animal Attack in North Carolina

first_imgBeaufort Country Sheriff Office Investigators and Biologists with N.C. Wildlife Resources Commission have teamed up to solve the mystery and identify the animal that did this. A mystery animal has killed a teacher in a small town of North Carolina and is still out there. At 5:47 a.m. on Friday, February 15th, a 911 call was made to report the attack on a 77-year-old North Carolina teacher. The victim was identified as Brenda Hamilton and was reported to have died from the injuries inflicted by a mystery animal. It is still unknown what kind of animal attacked Hamilton. “We continue to discover how devastating Mrs. Hamilton’s injuries are. Please keep praying for Mrs. Hamilton and her family as they make difficult decisions in the coming days,” said a Sunday Facebook post by the school she worked at, Pungo Christian Academy in Bellhaven. Bears, alligators, and coyotes inhabit Beaufort County but have been ruled out due to DNA test that was facilitated by NC Wildlife Biologist. The results have “eliminated any wild animals indigenous to the area,” according to a statement issued by the Beaufort Country Sheriff’s Office. This story will be updated as new information becomes available.last_img read more

Mexico Co-Hosts Central American Security Conference for the First Time

first_imgBy Marcos Ommati/Diálogo April 27, 2017 In the words U.S. Navy Admiral Kurt Tidd, commander of U.S. Southern Command (SOUTHCOM), a historic event took place from April 23rd-25th, on the island of Cozumel, in Mexico’s Mayan Riviera. The country works directly with U.S. Northern Command (NORTHCOM), and has sent observers to SOUTHCOM’s Central American Security Conference (CENTSEC), for years. In 2017, however, they offered to co-host the event. The problems with drugs, violence, and human trafficking in Mexico are no different than those in other countries in Central and South America, and the Caribbean. Therefore it is not surprising that Mexico took on a principal role during 2017’s CENTSEC, as per the sentiments of the representatives who spoke to Diálogo at the conference. Mexican Army General Salvador Cienfuegos, secretary of National Defense; Mexican Navy Admiral Vidal Francisco Soberón Sanz, secretary of the Navy; and U.S. Air Force General Lori Robinson, commander of NORTHCOM, co-hosted the event. The purpose of CENTSEC is to provide an executive level forum for SOUTHCOM’s commander and the Central American defense and security chiefs to discuss the way ahead for regional security efforts and strategies. This year’s theme was Cooperation Initiatives to Strengthen Regional Security. “The evolving security challenges in Central America are threatening the security beyond the region and demand a unified approach. We have so much in common. We share a similar heritage. We cherish and uphold the same principals, and we are united by a vision of a better future for all our nations. A future where our citizens are safe, where our institutions are strong and impervious to corruption, where our nations are free from the insidious threat of criminal networks and extremism,” said Adm. Tidd during his opening remarks. “We are certain that the results we achieve in this conference will be seen in the short term in the specific actions that will strengthen the security and development that Central American society needs,” said Gen. Salvador Cienfuegos, adding that Mexico and its Armed Forces will join efforts to develop initiatives to confront the various threats that have an impact on the Americas. “We are convinced that through joint efforts, and working as a team toward the same objective, we’ll be able to contribute directly to the well-being and progress of our nations.” Participants Belize, Costa Rica, El Salvador, Guatemala, Honduras, Nicaragua, and Panama participated in the event, while Canada, Chile, Colombia, Dominican Republic, Jamaica, the United Kingdom as well as the Central American Armed Forces Conference, the Conference of Defense Ministers of the Americas, and the Inter American Defense Board attended as observers. After each participating country briefed on the security of their respective nation, there were three round tables spread across two days. Round Table 1, “Regional Cooperation to Combat Transnational Threats in Central America,” was moderated by Dr. Richard Downie, former director of the Center for Hemispheric Defense Studies (WHINSEC). Round Table 2, “Military Support to Civil Authority and Humanitarian Assistance/Disaster Relief,” was moderated by Dr. Javier Ulises Oliva Posada, coordinator for the National Defense and Security graduate course at the National Autonomous University of Mexico; and Round Table 3, “Cooperative Initiatives to Strengthen Regional Security,” was moderated by Dr. Leonardo Curzio, a Mexican political analyst. Common enemy All three round tables highlighted that it is imperative to set action protocols between all participant countries and create strategic alliances to better combat transnational and transregional crime networks. “All countries stated that our common enemy is transnational organized crime, which respects no borders, and it is towards this objective that all of our efforts must be focused with an absolute respect for human rights,” said Dr. Curzio after the third panel of experts. “The U.S. military is looking for ways to enhance cooperation with its Mexican and Central American partners to address the security challenges that threaten the stability in the region,” said Gen. Robinson during her closing remarks. “At U.S. Northern Command, we recognize that transnational organized crime does pose a challenge to stability of all the countries in the region,” she added. For that purpose, Gen. Robinson said NORTHCOM is working closely with Mexico and SOUTHCOM to counter the challenges. “The threats facing Central America require close cooperation for joint solutions. Challenges in the region include drug trafficking, organized crime, border security, gangs, and migration. CENTSEC 2017 allowed interaction between countries that share common problems but have different realities, reaching agreements that will allow them to inhibit threats through security institutions,” said Adm. Soberón. “With these actions, the Mexican Army, Navy, and Air Force contribute to strengthen cooperation and coordination bonds among countries in our hemisphere,” he concluded. After the conference, the participating countries hold multilateral and bilateral discussions to define specific steps to achieve the objectives defined during CENTSEC 2017. The next Central American Security Conference will be held in El Salvador in 2018.last_img read more

NYC’s Santacon Bar Crawl Canceled by COVID-19

first_imgSign up for our COVID-19 newsletter to stay up-to-date on the latest coronavirus news throughout New York Santacon, an annual bar crawl in which thousands of young people dressed in Santa Claus costumes roam — or stagger — through the streets of Manhattan, has been canceled this year because of the coronavirus pandemic, organizers said.The event, which had been scheduled for Dec. 12, is intended to raise money for charity, but more than a few locals may see the cancellation as an early Christmas present.During Santacon, hordes of Santas usually move from bar to bar, downing shots. Complaints about rowdiness, inebriated participants and public urination typically follow.“All of the reindeer got the ‘Rona so, the Elves have advised Santa to hold off on the in-person merriment,” organizers wrote on their website earlier this week.Instead the organizers encouraged readers to consider playing a drinking game at home or donating to a charity that provides food to workers on the front lines of the pandemic.The decision was forced by emergency rules imposed by New York Governor Andrew Cuomo to curb the spread of the novel coronavirus.Cuomo has banned public gatherings of more than 10 people, shortened opening hours for bars and restaurants and required that alcohol only be served alongside a substantial serving of food.The event traces its origins to San Francisco in 1994 as an effort to satirize Christmas-time consumerism. New York City hosts the largest Santacon offshoot, organizers say. The fate of similar events in other cities was unclear.Sign up for Long Island Press’ email newsletters here. Sign up for home delivery of Long Island Press here. Sign up for discounts by becoming a Long Island Press community partner here.C,Sign up for Long Island Press’ email newsletters here. Sign up for home delivery of Long Island Press here. Sign up for discounts by becoming a Long Island Press community partner here.Clast_img read more

Ricin found in sick man’s Vegas hotel room

first_imgMar 3, 2008 (CIDRAP News) – A Las Vegas man remained unconscious today with suspected ricin poisoning after the deadly toxin derived from castor beans was found in his Las Vegas motel room last week, according to news services.Vials of ricin along with castor beans were found in the man’s room at an Extended Stay America hotel in Las Vegas on Feb 28, according to a New York Times report today. The man, identified as Roger Von Bergendorff, has been hospitalized and unconscious since Feb 14, the Associated Press (AP) reported today.Health officials were still trying to confirm whether Von Bergendorff’s respiratory illness was due to ricin exposure, the AP reported.The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), in a Feb 29 health advisory, said “preliminary results of environmental testing” at laboratories in Nevada indicated the presence of ricin.As little as 500 micrograms of ricin can be fatal, depending on the route of exposure, according to the CDC. The substance, a byproduct of processing of castor beans into castor oil, can be made into a powder, mist, or pellet, and can also be dissolved in water.The FBI said there was no indication of terrorist activity and no signs that ricin had been spread in the environment, according to the AP. But Von Bergendorff’s hotel room contained several guns and a book on anarchism tabbed to a page on how to make ricin, news reports said.Von Bergendorff’s cousin, Thomas Tholen of Riverton, Utah, found the ricin in the hotel room when he entered it Feb 28 to collect the sick man’s belongings, after hotel managers had started eviction proceedings, according to the Times.Von Bergendorff had lived with Tholen until last fall, and yesterday authorities searched Tholen’s home and a storage space for clues in the case, the Times reported. The AP said officials gave no information about what they found.The Times said Von Bergendorff is believed to be a computer graphic artist whose work has appeared in some science fiction novels. Police also found three cats and an emaciated dog in his hotel room, the story said.The United States has had several ricin scares in recent years. In February 2004 ricin powder was found in the office of then Senate Majority Leader Bill Frist, R-Tenn., prompting the closure of several Senate office buildings.Later that same month, the FBI released a photo of a letter addressed to the White House that contained ricin along with a threat to “turn D.C. into a ghost town” if new trucking regulations went into effect. A similar letter containing ricin had been found in October 2003 at an airport postal facility in Greeneville, S.C. Both letters were signed “Fallen Angel.”See also:Feb 29 CDC health advisory on ricin incident information on ricin read more

PREMIUMBPJS Ketenagakerjaan ready to manage social security for laid-off workers

first_imgLinkedin The Workers Social Security Agency (BPJS Ketenagakerjaan) is ready to manage the social security of laid-off workers when the proposed omnibus law on job creation is enforced, the agency’s senior executive has said.According to BPJS Ketenagakerjaan strategic planning and information technology director Sumarjono, the agency is working closely with the government to create social security (JKP) schemes for laid-off workers in line with provisions stated in the omnibus bill on job creation, which is currently being deliberated by the House of Representatives (DPR). “We’ve been deeply involved in deliberations of the JKP. We were asked to hand out data regarding work terminations and advised [the government] on the potential scheme,” he said in Jakarta on Friday.The JKP schemes are part of the controversial omnibus bill on job creation, which is aime… Topics : Indonesia omnibus-law workers severance-payment BP-Jamsostek House APINDO Facebook LOG INDon’t have an account? Register here Forgot Password ? Log in with your social account Googlelast_img read more

Russia overtakes Italy and Britain after record rise in coronavirus cases

first_imgThe country’s coronavirus response center also reported 94 new deaths, taking the overall death toll to 2,009 people. The official death toll remains far lower than in many countries, something Kremlin critics have queried.Russian officials attribute the rising and large number of cases to a massive testing program which they say has seen over 5.6 million tests conducted.Putin is due to hold a meeting later on Monday, a public holiday in Russia, to decide whether to modify the country’s lockdown regime, which entered into force at the end of March. Topics : Russia’s coronavirus cases overtook Italian and British infections on Monday to become the third highest in the world after a record daily rise hours before President Vladimir Putin was due to review the country’s lockdown regime.The official tally surged to 221,344, meaning Russia now has more registered cases than Italy or Britain and only trails Spain and the United States, as the number of new cases of the novel coronavirus jumped by 11,656 in the past 24 hours.More than half of all cases and deaths are in Moscow, the epicenter of Russia’s outbreak. On Monday, it reported an overnight increase of 6,169 new cases, bringing its official total to 115,909.last_img read more

Famous faces at Brisbane launch

first_imgLondon Residences at West End launched this week.International model Charlie Austin, leading legal eagle Gavin McInnes, fashionista Joshua Kilroy and Queensland Theatre CEO Sue Donnelly were among the VIPS to have received an invite to the big reveal party.Fruition salon boss and award-winning hair stylist Craig Smith has also been toasting the progress of London Residences after securing the sole retail space.The $27 million inner-city development is aimed at owner-occupiers. Joshua Kilroy was on the VIP list to attend the launch of Brisbane’s hottest new apartment development.BRISBANE’S movers and shakers turned out in force on Thursday night for the launch of London Residences at West End.More from newsMould, age, not enough to stop 17 bidders fighting for this home3 hours agoBuyers ‘crazy’ not to take govt freebies, says 28-yr-old investor8 hours agoConstruction on Ferro Property Group’s project is expected to start in July but some well-known Brisbane faces have scored an early preview of the trendy development.last_img read more