In-person Retreat: Thanksgiving Trinity Retreat Center (West Cornwall, CT) Nov. 24-28 Rector Bath, NC August 15, 2013 at 11:41 pm Yeah!! Liz. Blessings on your ministry as Presiding Bishop. I hope you still make time for music. Featured Jobs & Calls Rector Smithfield, NC Submit a Job Listing Rector Shreveport, LA New Berrigan Book With Episcopal Roots Cascade Books Comments are closed. Assistant/Associate Rector Washington, DC Family Ministry Coordinator Baton Rouge, LA Doug Desper says: Rector Hopkinsville, KY Rector Tampa, FL Comments (2) Canon for Family Ministry Jackson, MS August 22, 2013 at 10:23 am Our PB made this statement last Thursday in remarks delivered at the ELCA Assembly in Pittsburgh. “Some have judged our smaller numbers as faithlessness but it may actually be the Spirit’s way of pruning for greater fruitfulness…”The word “pruning” really can’t be associated with ELCA’s very notable drop in numbers in the last 25 years, nor our Church’s drop in numbers during the same time. No matter who gets elected as the heads of our two churches I just wish for leadership that would take its responsibility for the situation in which we find ourselves. The Holy Spirit is not getting rid of members (pruning) so that these two churches can be leaner, more progressive, more liberal, and more indiscriminately accommodating. That is not the work of the Holy Spirit. Course Director Jerusalem, Israel This Summer’s Anti-Racism Training Online Course (Diocese of New Jersey) June 18-July 16 Director of Music Morristown, NJ An Evening with Presiding Bishop Curry and Iconographer Kelly Latimore Episcopal Migration Ministries via Zoom June 23 @ 6 p.m. ET An Evening with Aliya Cycon Playing the Oud Lancaster, PA (and streaming online) July 3 @ 7 p.m. ET Episcopal Migration Ministries’ Virtual Prayer Vigil for World Refugee Day Facebook Live Prayer Vigil June 20 @ 7 p.m. ET Ya no son extranjeros: Un diálogo acerca de inmigración Una conversación de Zoom June 22 @ 7 p.m. ET Submit an Event Listing Priest Associate or Director of Adult Ministries Greenville, SC Press Release Service Assistant/Associate Priest Scottsdale, AZ Episcopal Church releases new prayer book translations into Spanish and French, solicits feedback Episcopal Church Office of Public Affairs Missioner for Disaster Resilience Sacramento, CA Inaugural Diocesan Feast Day Celebrating Juneteenth San Francisco, CA (and livestream) June 19 @ 2 p.m. PT Episcopal Charities of the Diocese of New York Hires Reverend Kevin W. VanHook, II as Executive Director Episcopal Charities of the Diocese of New York Evangelical Lutheran Church in America Presiding Bishop-elect Elizabeth A. Eaton and her husband, the Rev. Conrad Selnick, an Episcopal priest, react shortly after her Aug. 14 election. Photo: ELCA[Episcopal News Service] The Rev. Elizabeth A. Eaton was elected Aug. 14 as presiding bishop of the Evangelical Lutheran Church in America (ELCA). She was elected on the fifth ballot at the 2013 ELCA Churchwide Assembly meeting Aug. 12-17 in Pittsburgh.Of the 889 votes cast, 445 votes were needed for an election. Eaton received 600 votes and the Rev. Mark S. Hanson, ELCA presiding bishop for the past 12 years, received 287. Eaton is the first female to be elected as a presiding bishop of the ELCA. Three out of the four nominees were women.“We are a church that is overwhelmingly European in a culture that is increasingly pluralistic. We need to welcome the gifts of those who come from different places, that is a conversation we need to have as a church,” Eaton told the assembly shortly after the election.Eaton currently serves as bishop of the ELCA Northeastern Ohio Synod. Prior to becoming synod bishop, she served as pastor for ELCA congregations in Ohio. She earned a Master of Divinity degree from Harvard Divinity School in Cambridge, Massachusetts, and a bachelor’s degree in music education from the College of Wooster in Wooster, Ohio.Eaton is married to the Rev. Conrad Selnick, an Episcopal priest who is rector of St. Christopher’s by the River Episcopal Church in Gates Mills, Ohio.According to the Pittsburgh Post-Gazette, Eaton “is considered a moderate who supported the denomination’s decision to allow partnered gay clergy while allowing room for churches to disagree.”Eaton’s six-year term as presiding bishop will begin on Nov. 1.The Episcopal Church and the ELCA have since 2001 enjoyed a full communion relationship, known as Called to Common Mission, through which the two churches are committed to finding opportunities for combined mission and disaster relief efforts, planting new ministries together, joint congregations and shared personnel. Eaton is a member of the national Lutheran-Episcopal Coordinating Committee, which implements the full communion agreement.Presiding Bishop Katharine Jefferts Schori issued a statement giving thanks for Hanson’s “faithful ministry” and for Eaton’s election.Jefferts Schori said she has learned much from Hanson’s “prophetic and gifted evangelical ministry, and I pray that the next chapter of his ministry may be a rich blessing to him, his family, and many others.”Jefferts Schori said she now looks forward to working with Eaton “as we grow in our Call to Common Mission. There are excellent foundations already in our common work, and I expect further growth as we seek to serve God’s mission as ministers of justice and healers of the breach. I anticipate a journey of mutual discovery of the gifts God so richly bestows on our two Churches, particularly in new contexts and populations. May God bless the journey and may God bless the pastoral leadership of Bishop Eaton.”The Rev. Margaret Rose, the Episcopal Church’s ecumenical and interreligious deputy, echoed the presiding bishop’s comments. “We are grateful for the more than 10 years of partnership with Presiding Bishop Hanson and our Call to Common Mission and look forward to the ‘new things’ the Holy Spirit will send as we deepen that work with Presiding Bishop-elect Elizabeth Eaton.”— Matthew Davies is an editor/reporter of the Episcopal News Service. Virtual Episcopal Latino Ministry Competency Course Online Course Aug. 9-13 Join the Episcopal Diocese of Texas in Celebrating the Pauli Murray Feast Online Worship Service June 27 Rector Martinsville, VA Associate Rector for Family Ministries Anchorage, AK Curate (Associate & Priest-in-Charge) Traverse City, MI People, Submit a Press Release Bishop Diocesan Springfield, IL Seminary of the Southwest announces appointment of two new full time faculty members Seminary of the Southwest Rector/Priest in Charge (PT) Lisbon, ME Rector Belleville, IL Featured Events Virtual Celebration of the Jerusalem Princess Basma Center Zoom Conversation June 19 @ 12 p.m. ET Rector (FT or PT) Indian River, MI Rector and Chaplain Eugene, OR Rector Knoxville, TN Cathedral Dean Boise, ID By Matthew DaviesPosted Aug 15, 2013 Women’s Ministry Curate Diocese of Nebraska Rector Albany, NY Rector Pittsburgh, PA Anne Warrington Wilson says: TryTank Experimental Lab and York St. John University of England Launch Survey to Study the Impact of Covid-19 on the Episcopal Church TryTank Experimental Lab The Church Investment Group Commends the Taskforce on the Theology of Money on its report, The Theology of Money and Investing as Doing Theology Church Investment Group Tags Associate Priest for Pastoral Care New York, NY Priest-in-Charge Lebanon, OH Remember Holy Land Christians on Jerusalem Sunday, June 20 American Friends of the Episcopal Diocese of Jerusalem Rector Collierville, TN Rector Washington, DC Associate Rector Columbus, GA Ecumenical & Interreligious, AddThis Sharing ButtonsShare to PrintFriendlyPrintFriendlyShare to FacebookFacebookShare to TwitterTwitterShare to EmailEmailShare to MoreAddThis Director of Administration & Finance Atlanta, GA The Church Pension Fund Invests $20 Million in Impact Investment Fund Designed to Preserve Workforce Housing Communities Nationwide Church Pension Group Lutherans elect Elizabeth Eaton as first female presiding bishop Youth Minister Lorton, VA Assistant/Associate Rector Morristown, NJ
100,000 demonstrate in Sao Paulo on Sept. 4, demanding ‘Temer out!’Sept. 4 — Completing, without surprises, a parliamentary coup that began last December, the Brazilian Senate, composed of a majority of corrupt officials subservient to the Brazilian oligarchy and to imperialism, voted 61-20 on Aug. 31 to remove Workers Party President Dilma Rousseff from office.The vote ended 13 years of Workers Party (PT) governments that began with the election of worker-leader President Lula da Silva in 2002. It took place during Brazil’s economic depression, which is part of the worldwide capitalist downturn and not a result of government policies.Rousseff’s ouster re-enforces the domination of Brazil by the 71,000 multimillionaires who rule Brazil’s 210 million people by controlling the judiciary, the corporate media and most Brazilian politicians.In 1964 this class imposed its rule through an open military coup by the army, part of the state apparatus that serves the capitalist ruling class. Under that brutal military government, the young Dilma Rousseff was a heroic revolutionary who aided the underground struggle and was later captured and tortured as a prisoner.The parliamentary coup also strengthens U.S. imperialism in Brazil and all Latin America, where Brazil’s role is so important. This maneuver was carried out with Washington’s support and has already won the blessing of U.S. politicians and Wall Street — as can be seen by the many articles the pro-capitalist Forbes magazine published this year attacking Rousseff.U.S. imperialism aims to overthrow the popular governments of Venezuela, Bolivia and Ecuador using similar and other tactics. It has already aided a mixture of “parliamentary coups” and naked force to overturn elected governments in Honduras and Paraguay.Illegal impeachmentThe charges brought against Rousseff were for manipulating some budget items in order to spend in one area instead of another, which is often done by governments. No funds wound up in Rousseff’s pockets.According to Latin American analysts, no one in Brazil, even those who oppose the PT, believes Rousseff is really guilty of the rampant corruption in which the rightist parties (and some PT elements) have participated.On the other hand, most of those in the Senate who voted against Rousseff are themselves suspected of serious corruption in the so-called Lava Jato scandal.After eight months of media attacks and scrutiny, when Rousseff was at a low point of popularity, her approval ratings were still higher than those for the new president. Current President Michel Temer, of the conservative Brazilian Democratic Movement Party and instigator of the impeachment against Rousseff, together with former Congress President Eduardo Cunha, were implicated in Lava Jato. Cunha was suspended from his post.Cunha, a right-wing evangelical politician who opened the impeachment process, is under investigation by the Supreme Court for corruption and money laundering. He is accused of receiving $5 million in bribes from a construction company related to Petrobras, the semi-public Brazilian petroleum company.As some of the anti-Rousseff politicians themselves admitted in recordings, they pushed the impeachment to stop the investigations. “We have to solve that sh-t [investigations into the Petrobras scandal]. We must change the government to stop this bleeding,” said former Minister of Planning Romero Juca, who had to resign after his remarks were made public. (telesur.net, Aug. 30)Pro-impeachment Senator Antonio Anastasia, who was in charge of preparing the final evidentiary report to the Senate, rejected Rousseff’s request to include the recordings, calling the facts “outside the scope of the trial.”As if to admit the trial was a farce, the Senate subsequently voted 42-36 to allow Rousseff to keep her political rights, instead of preventing her from holding any political office for eight years.Limits of social democracyThrough the early PT governments, Brazil’s economic boom allowed the government to aid the poor without confronting capitalism. Tens of millions of people living in poverty, especially in Brazil’s northern and northeastern states, received a guaranteed minimal income.The capitalist downturn hit with a vengeance, and in the past few years, unemployment doubled to more than 10 percent. The Brazilian rich took steps to make sure they got whatever wealth they could get their hands on.While enough of the poor voted PT for Rousseff to win a second term — she received 54 million votes — the PT never mobilized their supporters into popular organizations outside the electoral process. Confronted with a united bourgeois class determined to ignore democracy and bring down Rousseff’s government, the PT was comparatively weak.Rousseff tried to buttress her government by making concessions to the ruling class and the rightist parties. Every concession was met with greater demands for austerity. The concessions just deflated the popular enthusiasm that put PT in office in 2002.Popular mobilizationsThe first step of the interim Temer regime was to appoint a cabinet composed solely of European-origin men closely connected with the ruling rich. This disenfranchised the majority, consisting of women, people of African origins and Indigenous peoples. It also signaled an open attack on the working class and on all the benefits the PT had offered the poor.Through the eight months of the undemocratic impeachment process, tens of thousands of Brazilian workers, farmers and other left forces, PT supporters and critics alike, demonstrated against impeachment. These could be seen during the Olympics, when right outside the games thousands raised their main slogan, “Temer out!” (Fora Temer).This slogan and opposition to the process has popular support throughout Latin America and even in the United States. Groups like the International Action Center joined expatriate Brazilians to defend Rousseff against the Brazilian oligarchy and U.S. imperialism.But this movement was still too weak to stop the ouster. The rightists continue to reject any democratic process, including early elections this year, which most Brazilians want. While still in a difficult position, the Brazilian left has united against the Temer government.Brazilian labor expert Ricardo Antunes wrote in Vermelho, the newspaper of the Communist Party of Brazil: “The scenario we face in the next six months is daunting, and will impel the labor and social movements into passionate struggles.” Antunes expects Brazilians to “enter a period of social confrontation, of union and social demonstrations.” (vermelho.org.br, Sept. 4)In his article Antunes quotes Joao Pedro Stedile, a leader of the mass Landless Movement of farm workers and landless peasants. Stedile has called for a general popular mobilization under the theme, “Temer out!”“It’s the greatest of all the battles,” Stedile writes. “We want to struggle for changes in the political system of the country, with reforms of the political system and of the means of communication, ones that can only be carried out by a constituent national assembly. All these battles demand mass struggles and great popular mobilizations.“We expect many struggles as we move forward,” adds Stedile. The coup-makers will receive “only the scorn they deserve as they wind up in the trash bin history has reserved for them.”FacebookTwitterWhatsAppEmailPrintMoreShare thisFacebookTwitterWhatsAppEmailPrintMoreShare this
Linkedin Email Advertisement Previous articleElectric Picnic line-upNext articleBig freeze leads to hot water crisis admin Print A CHURCH near Shannon airport, built in the 1960’s, has been destroyed in a fire.Christ Church was a landmark in Shannon for over four decades, and was built as place of worship for workers from England involved in the construction of Shannon Industrial Estate. The fire brigade was alerted at 5.32pm on Tuesday, when a passer-by made the emergency call. The fire is thought to have spread from a small blaze behind the building.Sign up for the weekly Limerick Post newsletter Sign Up Although it was initially built for members of the Church of Ireland, it has been used by members of all religious denominations.“It was very sad to pass the church this morning and see the extent of the damage”, said mayor of Shannon Sean McLoughlin. “It has been a staple of the community here since the sixties, and has been used by members of all denominations. We are not biased toward any religion in Shannon, and the church, used by so many, was representative of the lack of discrimination in that regard. “At the opening of the new oratory in the town centre, I pointed out that we had more churches in Shannon than pubs. “The fire brigade are recommending that what is left be knocked”. NewsLocal NewsShannon church destroyed in blazeBy admin – March 25, 2010 778 WhatsApp Twitter Facebook
It’s that time of year again… In two short days, Phish will return to New York’s Madison Square Garden for their annual four-night New Year’s run. Each year, we like to celebrate the season in the days leading up to Phish at MSG with the 12 Days of Phishmas, a daily series that gives you your Phish fix and helps stoke your excitement in the days leading up to the run. In 2016, we took you back to 12 historic Phish performances at The Garden. In 2017, with the Baker’s Dozen barely out of sight in the rearview, we relived the magic and mystery of the band’s historic residency.For years, we’ve been earmarking some of our favorite Phish interviews, behind-the-scenes footage, and other cool content that we haven’t found the right occasion to share with you…until now. For 2018, we’ve made you a very special Phishmas Advent calendar to help spice up your countdown to showtime. As we approach the start of the run on the 28th, we’ll open up one panel a day and reveal a fun surprise inside—a little something sweet and Phishy once a day until the Garden party begins. No peeking! By the time we’re finished with the calendar, it will finally be time for the gift we’ve all been waiting for: Four nights of Phish on their home court at the World’s Most Famous Arena.2 Days Til Phish: The “Down With Disease” Music Video (1994)On the eleventh day of Phishmas… Phish revisits the 1993 NYE Aquarium for their first—and only—music video.On March 29th, 1994, Phish released their fifth studio album (Hoist) via Elektra Records, which includes “Down With Disease”. Before the release of Hoist, Phish gave fans their first taste of “Down With Disease” as the soundtrack of their 1993 New Year’s Eve gag, which saw the band dive into their onstage “aquarium” for the customary countdown “Auld Lang Syne” before moving into an instrumental snippet of the new song. The song would be debuted live in full in their first show of 1994.The band went on to use that 1993 New Year’s performance as the inspiration for a “Down With Disease” music video in 1994 that briefly made the rounds on MTV and was even featured on an episode of Beavis and Butt-Head. Directed by Mike Gordon, the “Down With Disease” music video portrays Gordon, Trey Anastasio, Jon Fishman, and Page McConnell diving into a fish tank that quickly turns into a life-sized aquarium filled with the same cast of dangling sea creatures featured on New Year’s Eve. After some underwater fun, the video culminates with snippets of footage from the actual performance, giving the MTV crowd watching at home a taste of the medium in which Phish does their best work: live onstage.The video is admittedly on the corny side (as Beavis and Butt-Head will tell you), and the band never made an attempt at a music video again, even throughout the video-dominated mid-90s. But you’re reading the 11th installment of a holiday Phish series in 2018, so it looks like that bold strategy didn’t end up sinking their ship. Either way, we’re glad we have the “Down With Disease” music video to dive back into for a laugh decades later. Check it out below:Phish – “Down With Disease” [Music Video][Video: ROCKVIDEOMONTHLY]We’ll be back tomorrow to open the twelfth and final panel on our Phishmas 2018 Advent calendar. What other Phishmas surprises are in store? You’ll just have to wait and see…In the meantime, you can go back through the previous Phishmas surprises:On the first day of Phishmas… The Big Daddy ShowOn the second day of Phishmas… David Byrne Interviews PhishOn the third day of Phishmas… Trey Anastasio Talks Fare The Well At The New Yorker Festival On the fourth day of Phishmas… A Look Inside The Hoist Sessions From Cactus FilmsOn the fifth day of Phishmas… Mike Gordon Fascinates A Muscle Shoals LegendOn the sixth day of Phishmas… Page McConnell Chats in the Streets of LondonOn the seventh day of Phishmas… The Peanuts Conjure Cartoon Phish for “YEM” Dance PartyOn the eighth day of Phishmas… Trey & Mike Chat with MTV on H.O.R.D.E. Tour (Swig Beer, Cross Legs)On the ninth day of Phishmas… How Chris Kuroda & Phish’s Lighting Team Map out a SongOn the tenth day of Phishmas… Phish Does ITOn the eleventh day of Phishmas… The “Down With Disease” Music Video
The Forest Carbon Partnership Facility (FCPF-REDD+) Project on Wednesday presented the National Toshaos Council (NTC) with a quantity of stationery and other essential office supplies.These were handed over at the NTC Secretariat, Hadfield Street, to the Executive by the FCPF-REDD+ Project Execution Unit of the Natural Resources Ministry.The supplies are part of the FCPF-REDD+ Institutional Strengthening andProject Coordinator Clayton Hall hands over office supplies to NTC Chairman Nicholas Fredericks and other executivesCapacity Building Support to the NTC, a national representative body for Indigenous people.Receiving the items, NTC Chairman Nicholas Fredericks thanked the FCPF-REDD+ Project for the support and partnership, which were helping the Council to execute its mandate.“We see this as an important aspect in the development of the NTC,” he said, adding that it positioned “the NTC to function in the direction which it is supposed to be heading” .The FCPF-REDD+ Unit will soon provide the NTC with the remaining office furniture, computers and other IT facilities as well as VHF radio communication equipment.The REDD+ Project already supports rental of the building that houses the NTC Secretariat, two key staff members and several capacity-building sessions with the NTC executives.Local consultant Vanda Radzik was contracted by the FCPF-REDD+ Project last March to facilitate the capacity-building support to the NTC, Indigenous Non-Governmental Organisations/community-based organisations and community forest-dependent organisations.
Kammuri turning to super typhoon less likely but possible — Pagasa World Series patches in place, Dodgers prepare for Astros Kin of Misamis Oriental hero cop to get death benefits, award — PNP Prospective number one pick Christian Standhardinger did not attend the combine due to his commitments with his ABL team Hong Kong.The Fil-German big man, though, posted on his Twitter account that he will be in attendance for the PBA Draft. Stronger peso trims PH debt value to P7.9 trillion San Miguel coach Leo Austria. Photo by Tristan Tamayo/INQUIRER.netSan Miguel Beer head coach Leo Austria kept his lips sealed on the reported trade involving his team and Kia.Sources told INQUIRER.net on Sunday that the Picanto have traded the rights to the No. 1 overall pick in the 2017 PBA Draft to the Beermen in exchange for JayR Reyes, Rashawn McCarthy, Keith Agovida, a future first rounder, and cash considerations.ADVERTISEMENT LATEST STORIES Lacson: PH lost about P161.5B tax revenue from big trading partners in 2017 PLAY LIST 03:46Lacson: PH lost about P161.5B tax revenue from big trading partners in 201701:30’Excited’ Terrence Romeo out to cherish first PBA finals appearance00:50Trending Articles01:37Protesters burn down Iran consulate in Najaf01:47Panelo casts doubts on Robredo’s drug war ‘discoveries’01:29Police teams find crossbows, bows in HK university01:35Panelo suggests discounted SEA Games tickets for students02:49Robredo: True leaders perform well despite having ‘uninspiring’ boss02:42PH underwater hockey team aims to make waves in SEA Games Typhoon Kammuri accelerates, gains strength en route to PH CPP denies ‘Ka Diego’ arrest caused ‘mass panic’ among S. Tagalog NPA Read Next MOST READ Brace for potentially devastating typhoon approaching PH – NDRRMC READ: Kia trades top pick to San MiguelA revised version of the deal also surfaced with the Beermen sending Ronald Tubid, Yancy de Ocampo, Matt Ganuelas-Rosser, McCarthy, a future pick, and cash considerations to the Picanto for the top selection.FEATURED STORIESSPORTSWATCH: Drones light up sky in final leg of SEA Games torch runSPORTSSEA Games: Philippines picks up 1st win in men’s water poloSPORTSMalditas save PH from shutoutThe trade has reportedly been submitted but the Office of the Commissioner has yet to give its approval.Austria carefully watched PBA aspirants during the Draft Combine despite San Miguel not owning any pick in this year’s draft. Don’t miss out on the latest news and information. QC cops nab robbery gang leader, cohort Japan ex-PM Nakasone who boosted ties with US dies at 101 View comments
Could the SEC be added to its 14-team total?Update No. 2: SEC Commissioner Greg Sankey has released a statement on the matter. Statement from SEC commissioner Greg Sankey on satellite camps. pic.twitter.com/25DEq2mGdh— Barrett Sallee (@BarrettSallee) April 28, 2016Update No. 1 : The ACC often votes in line with the SEC, and it is also following suit in lifting its own satellite camp ban, according to ESPN’s Andrea Adelson. Decision today means the ACC has changed its league rule to match the NCAA rule: Satellite camps are now allowed. Go forth and camp …— Andrea Adelson (@aadelsonESPN) April 28, 2016Earlier: The conference in most opposition to satellite camps has been the SEC, with much of these camps being held in their territory. With the NCAA reversing its stance on the camps, announcing today that the ban has been lifted, the SEC is now changing its mind on them, too. According to Bleacher Report’s Barrett Sallee, the SEC’s ban on satellite camps will be lifted on May 29. Confirmed that, without a national ban, the SEC’s ban on satellite camps will be lifted on May 29.— Barrett Sallee (@BarrettSallee) April 28, 2016Hugh Freeze isn’t going to be happy. The Ole Miss coach doesn’t like them because they take him away from his family in the offseason. Hugh Freeze responds to Jim Harbaugh’s comments on refusing to “work harder” and not being a “kindred spirit” pic.twitter.com/zgmuxCdWLu— Andrew Doughty (@Adoughty88) April 13, 2016Will we get to see an SEC team hold a satellite camp in Columbus or Ann Arbor? That’d be fun.
Tim Tebow/Twitter.Today is the day Tim Tebow tries to become a major league baseball player.Tebow, 29, is set to work out for 20-plus MLB teams in Los Angeles. The former Florida Gator and NFL quarterback has been working out with a baseball career in mind for a year-plus. He already has a contract offer from a Venezuelan winter league team.Scott Miller, an MLB columnist for Bleacher Report, is out in Los Angeles for the workout.He tweeted out a photo of the plan for Tebow’s MLB showcase.Tebow will be:Running a 60-yard dashThrowing to bases from the outfieldShagging flyballs and groundballs in the outfieldTaking batting practiceTaking “live” BP from two AAA pitchersHere’s the schedule:Almost showtime pic.twitter.com/dBvSnT0j0N— Scott Miller (@ScottMillerBbl) August 30, 2016Tebow’s showcase is taking place at USC.Tim Tebow warming up for his showcase. pic.twitter.com/5RhJ3saXRl— Dylan Hernandez (@dylanohernandez) August 30, 2016Updates to come.
What it was designed for was something more basic. In the 1930s, Eldon “E.F.” Wonderlic — friends called him Al — was working as the director of personnel at consumer loan provider Household Finance Corporation.5It’s now called HSBC Finance. His employer was looking for a more efficient way to hire entry-level workers at its branches, so it sent Wonderlic to graduate school at Northwestern in hopes that his research would yield a solution to the problem.E.F. Wonderlic acknowledged that the single best predictor of job performance was previous work experience. But as Charles Wonderlic put it: “How do you predict someone’s performance if they have never done that job before?” The second-best predictor of job performance, E.F. Wonderlic reasoned, was cognitive ability.“What he found was that different jobs had different cognitive demands ranging from very low to very high,” said Charles Wonderlic, E.F.’s grandson. “And there were really distinct IQs around each job. And the further away you got from that distribution, that’s when you started to experience problems.”The original Wonderlic Personnel Test was born out of that theory. The first copyrighted version of the test appeared in 1937. Its brevity and simple scoring system, Charles Wonderlic said, allowed virtually any manager to both administer the test and interpret scores. (This is also the likely reason for modern pundits’ love of Wonderlic scores: They’re easy talking points.)After a stretch at Douglas Aircraft Corporation during World War II, E.F. Wonderlic worked in finance and sold copies of his test. He didn’t advertise, but eventually big companies like Spiegel and AT&T started calling. In 1961, E.F. Wonderlic left his job as president of General Finance Corporation and founded E.F. Wonderlic & Associates. By then, Charles Wonderlic said, an estimated 4 million people a year were taking the WPT.In the early 1960s, Gil Brandt was a young scout with the expansion Dallas Cowboys. “We were not a very good team,” he told me. His bosses, general manager Tex Schramm and coach Tom Landry, were looking for ways to change that. After doing some research, Brandt said that the trio determined that successful businesses used the Wonderlic and the team should, too. It’s unclear exactly when the Cowboys began testing players. Brandt did say that at some point during the ’60s, he remembers watching spring practice at Northwestern and then stopping by the Wonderlic headquarters to learn more about the company.By the late ’60s, George Young was an ambitious personnel assistant for the Baltimore Colts. He’d been a public school teacher before transitioning to football full time, and he asked the head of the guidance department in Baltimore for a handful of different tests to peruse. Of the 10 he reportedly looked at, the Wonderlic stuck out, and soon the Colts began using it.Other teams followed suit by the 1970s, and the NFL eventually began to use it to assess college players en masse. Since 2007, Wonderlic, Inc. staff members have traveled annually to Indianapolis to administer the test at the Scouting Combine. As Charles Wonderlic drove from the NFL Scouting Combine in Indianapolis to his company’s headquarters near Chicago on February 27, 2011, he made the mistake of turning on a sports radio show. The host, as Wonderlic remembers, was talking about Alabama quarterback Greg McElroy’s near-perfect Wonderlic score. Each winter, hundreds of football prospects take the multiple-choice test that claims to measure their intelligence. Results are supposed to be kept confidential, yet they always seem to become media fodder.In reality, there’s no way anyone could’ve known McElroy’s score. On that day four years ago, as reports of McElroy’s supposed feat trickled out, sealed boxes containing every single Wonderlic answer sheet were sitting in Charles Wonderlic’s car, still unscanned. Wonderlic, Inc. didn’t send an encrypted file of the players’ results to the NFL until March 1. Unsurprisingly, a variety of news outlets ran with the story anyway.1For example: purveyor of NFL rumors and gossip ProFootballTalk — which, has since mostly ended its coverage of Wonderlic scores — published three conflicting blog posts about McElroy’s alleged score. The first named McElroy’s alleged score, the second quoted an anonymous scout saying there was “no chance” McElroy’s score could’ve leaked that quickly, and the third claimed that McElroy didn’t score as high as initially reported. The third report was closest to the mark, as it turned out. The months leading up to the NFL Draft feel like election season: Everybody’s trying to dig up dirt on candidates.“Are we just so starved for information this time of year that we search for anything?” wondered NFL Scouting Combine director Jeff Foster, who only agreed to be interviewed for this article after I assured him that I wouldn’t be reporting individual Wonderlic scores.In an era when the NFL schedule release is treated like the premiere of the new “Star Wars,” the answer to Foster’s question is a resounding “yes.” We crave even the smallest bits of information about players entering the NFL Draft, even if it’s not meant for our consumption. Forget Foster’s estimate that half the Wonderlic scores he sees in news stories are incorrect. As long as the test is administered at the Combine, media and fans will fixate on it.“The only person it impacts is the player,” Foster said of a leaked Wonderlic score. “How would you like to be branded unintelligent because you scored a 5 on an intelligence test?”The story of the Wonderlic, however, is more than just a range of easily regurgitated numbers. It’s the story of how one guy’s American Dream helped shape a new American pastime. Eldon Wonderlic. Wonderlic Inc. But before we get there, let’s first look at what the Wonderlic purportedly tests. “What we’re measuring is not what you know — that’s what’s being measured on the ACT or the SAT,” said Charles Wonderlic, president and CEO of Wonderlic Inc. “This is really saying, ‘How quickly does your brain gather and analyze information?’” The 12-minute Wonderlic Personnel Test (WPT) features 50 questions arranged by difficulty, lowest to highest. Here’s a sample:Jose’s monthly parking fee for April was $150; for May it was $10 more than April; and for June $40 more than May. His average monthly parking fee was ___ for these 3 months?J) $66K) $160L) $166M) $170N) $2002The answer: M) $170A player’s Wonderlic score is always a number between 1 and 50, and across all professions, the average score is approximately 21. (Systems analysts and Chemists top the scale 32 at 31, respectively.) For pro football players, the oft-cited number is about 20. Tracking down the average scores by position is tricky, mainly because the buttoned-up NFL isn’t interested in sharing any broad Wonderlic data. In an email, Charles Wonderlic said that while his company has published “norms” for other industries, “we maintain the confidentiality of test scores for single organizations. Since the NFL is the only client by which we can produce a quarterback average, we would need their permission to provide this information. Traditionally, the NFL prefers to keep any information about tests scores internal to their own organization.”Like Wonderlic, Inc., the NFL declined to provide any historical data related to NFL players’ test scores for this piece.For his 19843The first edition of the book was published in 1970. classic “The New Thinking Man’s Guide to Pro Football,” Sports Illustrated writer Paul “Dr. Z” Zimmerman did get one anonymous staffer to spill some then-current averages. Offensive tackles led the way at 26, then came centers (25), quarterbacks (24), offensive guards (23), tight ends (22), safeties and middle linebackers (21), defensive linemen and outside linebackers (19), cornerbacks (18), wide receivers and fullbacks (17), and halfbacks (16). And what about place kickers and punters? “Who cares?” the source said.On its own, a solid Wonderlic score means little. Like a 40-yard dash time, it provides one tiny, standardized data point to employers who presumably take a holistic approach to hiring. But because teams have decades of data on file, they can compare the Wonderlic scores of current college players entering the draft to those of past prospects. “They simply use it to find the extremes,” Foster said. A very low score or a very high score, he added, could lead teams to conduct more testing or look into the prospect more closely.“Wonderlic gives you an area to investigate,” the late New York Giants general manager George Young told the Philadelphia Daily News in 1997. “If a guy doesn’t have a good score on the test, you don’t say he’s not smart. But you go in and investigate and find out [why he scored low]. You go in and talk to his coach. You find out how he did in school. You find out how he retains. If you think he’s a poor reader and did poorly because it was a verbal test, you give him a non-verbal test.”The most famous extreme occurred in 1975, when Harvard receiver and punter Pat McInally4McInally’s post-NFL life has been much more interesting than his football career. He’s the guy who invented Starting Lineup action figures. reportedly scored a perfect 50 on the Wonderlic. The Cincinnati Bengals picked him in the fifth round of that year’s draft, but not before his reputed intelligence reportedly scared some teams away. In 2011, McInally told the Los Angeles Times that Young informed him that acing the Wonderlic “may have cost you a few rounds in the draft because we don’t like extremes. We don’t want them too dumb and we sure as hell don’t want them too smart.”That slightly paleolithic line of thinking, however, wasn’t shared by everyone. “I don’t care about that stuff,” the late Raiders owner Al Davis said in “The New Thinking Man’s Guide to Pro Football.” “If a kid is street smart, that’s enough. Our coaches’ job is to make a kid smarter. I just wonder if they checked some of the coaches’ IQs around the league, how high they’d score.”By now, the value of the Wonderlic has been debated so vigorously, especially among NFL executives, that it’s easy to forget that the test wasn’t designed for football. But the Wonderlic is not without its detractors. Charles Wonderlic estimated that since the test’s inception nearly 80 years ago, it has faced legal scrutiny hundreds of times.In the summer of 1965, when the Equal Employment Opportunity Commission began operations a year after it was established by the Civil Rights Act of 1964, the Duke Power Company in Draper, North Carolina, began allowing its black employees to work in its higher-paying divisions. Until that point, black employees had only been permitted to work in the low-paying Labor department. Duke Power also instituted a policy that required all new applicants6Duke Power started permitting current employees without a high school degree to transfer to higher-paying departments in September of 1965, but to do so they still had to pass two aptitude tests. to have a high school diploma and pass two aptitude exams: the Bennett Mechanical Comprehension Test and the Wonderlic Personnel Test.These measures crippled the efforts of black workers to advance. At the time, the percentage of white men who both possessed a high school diploma and were able to pass the two aptitude tests was significantly higher7According to the 1960 North Carolina census, 34 percent of white men had a high school diploma while only 12 percent of black men had the same level of education. The newly formed Equal Employment Opportunity Commission found that in this case, 58 percent of white people and only 6 percent of black people who took the Wonderlic and the Bennett tests passed. than the percentage of black men who met the same criteria.Griggs v. Duke Power Co., a U.S. Supreme Court case argued in 1970, condemned the company’s requirements. Not only did they disproportionately affect black workers, but they also failed to show “a demonstrable relationship” to job performance, Chief Justice Warren Burger wrote in the majority opinion. He also noted that nothing in the Civil Rights Act “precludes the use of testing or measuring procedures; obviously they are useful.”While the Wonderlic test has shown itself to be a useful tool for workplace assessment, it has also faced longstanding criticism from those who argue that it is racially and culturally biased. It’s unclear whether the NFL, a league in which more than 67 percent of players are African-American, agrees with those accusations or if the league actually uses the Wonderlic to make personnel decisions.“How determinative it is depends on the club,” former Giants general manager Ernie Accorsi told ESPN.com in 2013, “but it’s usually not ‘the’ determinative factor.”When it comes to football, is the test a demonstrably reasonable measure of job performance? Because official NFL Wonderlic scores aren’t publicly available, it’s difficult to know for sure, but that hasn’t stopped researchers from attempting to find out. Brian D. Lyons, Brian J. Hoffman, and John W. Michel8At the time, Lyons, Hoffman and Michel were working at University of California, Fresno, the University of Georgia and Towson University, respectively co-authored a 2009 study examining the reported9They found the scores on NFLDraftScout.com and CBS.Sportsline.com. Wonderlic scores of 762 NFL players from three draft classes. They found that there was little correlation between Wonderlic scores and on-field performance, except for two positions: Tight ends and defensive backs with low scores actually played better than those with high scores. The researchers surmised that this “could be explained by the notion that performance for these positions entails more of an emphasis on physical ability and instinct” than general mental ability.Today, the NFL continues to ask potential draftees to take the Wonderlic, although the test now has company. In 2013, the league introduced the Player Assessment Tool, which was developed by attorney Cyrus Mehri, whose report led to the implementation of the NFL’s Rooney Rule, and psychology professor Harold Goldstein. Louis Bien of SB Nation recently reported that the PAT is a 50-minute exam that examines a player’s football smarts, psychological attributes, learning style and motivational cues. “Players are not given a numeric score, unlike on the Wonderlic, so technically there is no way to do poorly on it,” Bien wrote.Mehri’s hope is that the new test can measure what the Wonderlic can’t. “This kind of levels the playing field from a socio-economic point of view,” he told USA Today. “A lot of guys may be very intelligent, but are not as book-smart as others. Someone may not be the best reader, but they can still be very smart in picking up things.”As long as the Wonderlic is administered at the NFL Scouting Combine, Foster, the Combine director, will be fielding questions about it — and shaking his head at leaked scores. “It has some value,” he said of the test. “It does not have near the value of what we spend talking about it between February and May.”After all, a high or low score won’t automatically doom or anoint a prospect. Just ask Greg McElroy. After doing exceptionally well on the Wonderlic in 2011, the New York Jets picked the quarterback in the seventh round of the draft. Before announcing his retirement in 2014, he played in a total of two NFL games.