Lang Associates, Vermont’s premiere Real Estate firm, takesgreat pleasure in welcoming the addition of Geri M. Barrows to its sales team. Barrowsbrings 13 years of legal and real estate experience to her new position.A native Vermonter, Barrows resides in Colchester with her husband Corey and their threechildren–Danny, Brittany & Brooke.Prior to joining Lang, Barrows worked forKolok Development at Marble Island. She can be reached at (802) 846-7834; [email protected](link sends e-mail), or by visiting her at Lang’s South Burlington office,located at 550 Hinesburg Road.
NRG Systems Inc,NRG Systems, of Hinesburg, a leading manufacturer of wind measurement equipment, and Leosphere, leading specialist in lidar (laser radar) for atmospheric observations, today announced the formation of a global partnership to expand the use of remote sensing with lidar in the wind energy industry. The first product of the partnership is the WINDCUBE ¢ lidar wind measurement system, a remote sensor used in site assessment and wind farm performance monitoring. I couldn t be happier to announce this news, said Alex Sauvage, president and CEO of Leosphere. The WINDCUBE is the result of 20 years of intensive research and development it s a flexible, easy-to-use technology that has proven to reduce data uncertainty and project risks in the wind energy industry. Partnering with NRG Systems sends a signal that using lidar in wind resource assessment is an accepted part of the process.Today, the WINDCUBE ¢ has been deployed by developers, consultants, turbine manufacturers, and research institutes in 18 countries around the world. In site assessment, the portable system is used to capture actual measurements at heights up to 200 meters that can be used along with met mast data. With NRG Systems wind measurement expertise and industry knowledge, the companies aim to accelerate the use of this proven technology around the globe. As the industry has evolved so has the need to measure accurately and reliably at taller heights, said Jan Blittersdorf, president and CEO of NRG Systems. For more than twenty-five years, NRG Systems has been devoted to providing the best wind measurement equipment to the industry. Partnering with Leosphere on this exciting initiative is a sensible step for our company and for the industry.The WINDCUBE ¢ lidar remote sensor provides 200-meter vertical wind profiles, mapping wind speed and direction, turbulence, and wind shear. The portable system includes ten programmable measurement heights with an automatic data filter for ready to use data and a waterproof, dustproof enclosure for all weather conditions. This active remote sensor operates by sending a laser pulse through the atmosphere. Along its path, the laser light is scattered by particles in the air (dust, water, aerosols, etc.) and bounced back to an optical sensor in the lidar unit. These signals capture the shift in atmospheric particles, or the absolute wind speed in the lidar line of sight.The Leosphere NRG Systems partnership will serve customers around the world with sales, service, technical expertise and personalized support. The WINDCUBE ¢ is available to purchase now. For more information visit www.lidarwindtechnologies.com(link is external).About NRG SystemsNRG Systems, an independently-owned company, has been in the wind energy industry for more than 25 years. Its wind measurement systems can be found in 130 countries, serving electric utilities, wind farm developers, research institutes, government agencies, and universities. For more information on NRG Systems, Inc., visit www.nrgsystems.com(link is external).About LeosphereLEOSPHERE specializes in LIDAR (laser-radar) atmospheric observations. The company offers turn-key and user-friendly remote sensors, allowing for real-time tracking and measurement of particles, aerosols, and wind. Leosphere products are used in various applications: wind energy, climatology, meteorology, and air quality. Its lidar systems have been deployed in more than 18 countries by research institutes, developers, consultants and turbine manufacturers. For more information visit www.leosphere.com(link is external).
It looked as though Allardyce’s comments would backfire on him and his player when Bony put the Swans in front, but Carroll’s brace – plus a third from returning substitute Diafra Sakho – sealed a come-from-behind victory to leave just Chelsea and Manchester City above the Hammers. Swansea ended the match a man down, with goalkeeper Lukasz Fabianski dismissed for attempting to impede Sakho as he bore down on goal. West Ham were quick out of the blocks and skipper Kevin Nolan had two good chances to open the scoring for the Hammers but he could not connect fully with Carl Jenkinson’s cross down the right as his volley squirmed wide. His second chance came moments later after a disguised Stewart Downing free-kick allowed him to get a shot away, with Fabianski making a smart stop and James Tomkins’ follow-up effort blocked. The visitors had been second-best up until that point but were ahead from their first chance as Jefferson Montero and Gylfi Sigurdsson exchanged passes before the former fed Bony, who coolly slotted home past Adrian for his 19th league goal of 2014 and his seventh in nine games. Swansea were having less of the ball but looked more incisive and could have doubled their lead on 26 minutes as Sigurdsson’s driven effort was pushed away by the West Ham stopper. Bony then came close to a second after Cheikhou Kouyate was robbed of possession on the edge of his own area and the Ivory Coast international arrowed a shot inches wide. Both sides were looking dangerous in possession and Aaron Cresswell came close to his second goal in a week but he could only head Downing’s pinpoint ball straight at Fabianski. Carroll may not be enjoying a similar goalscoring record as counterpart Bony, but the England international showed just what he is capable of as he rose to head home a Jenkinson cross five minutes before the break. It was Bony who once again came close on the hour-mark as he collected Montero’s pass and flashed an effort past Adrian, only to see it clip the crossbar and go behind for a goal-kick. West Ham were presented with a good opportunity to take the lead as Leon Britton was caught dawdling by Nolan, who fed substitute Sakho – with the Senegal international’s cross poked behind for a corner. And Carroll was on hand to leap highest and head home Downing’s corner – with the former Newcastle man running over to embrace Allardyce and the rest of West Ham’s bench. Things went from bad to worse for the Swans as Fabianski was shown a straight red card seconds later as he was adjudged to have fouled Sakho as he raced through on goal. Sakho came close to wrapping up the points but could only hit the post when one on one with substitute goalkeeper Gerhard Tremmel before Swansea looked to hit back despite their numerical disadvantage. But West Ham added a third courtesy of a thunderous finish from Sakho, his seventh league goal, to wrap up an eighth win of the season. Two-goal Andy Carroll helped West Ham climb to third in the Barclays Premier League with a 3-1 victory over 10-man Swansea at Upton Park. Press Association Hammers boss Sam Allardyce put his neck on the line leading into the game after revealing he opted to sign Carroll rather than Wilfried Bony in the summer of 2013, insisting his decision would be vindicated in time. Bony has since lit up the league and is in a rich vein of form, while Carroll has struggled for both fitness and form since his club-record move to east London.
Eden HazardMadrid, Spain | AFP | Eden Hazard is beginning to show glimpses of his best form and it cannot come soon enough for Real Madrid.They play at home to Galatasaray in the Champions League on Wednesday, when victory would put them within touching distance of qualification from Group A.Hazard has endured a disjointed and disappointing start in Spain, where expectations soared following his long-awaited 100-million euro move from Chelsea in June.A week later, 50,000 thousand fans streamed into the Santiago Bernabeu to see Hazard wear the shirt while some even ran to the entrances to grab a better seat.As supporters left, Hazard was giving his first press conference underneath the stadium, telling a packed auditorium he wanted to be a galactico.“I’m not a galactico, not yet, but I hope I will be one day,” he said.But the grand opening fizzled, in part due to events off the pitch, a combination of bad luck and personal circumstances that have spared the 28-year-old harsher critique from fans and journalists alike.On the day before Madrid’s first game of the season away at Celta Vigo, Hazard pulled a muscle in his thigh in training and had to withdraw from the squad.He sat out three matches before making his first start against Paris Saint-Germain, but looked off the pace and it was a night to forget as Madrid were thrashed 3-0.Hazard was left on the bench against Osasuna amid reports he was overweight and then scored his first goal against Granada, a delightful looping finish that promised finally to unleash the Belgian’s best.“We know the quality of player we have and we know he is going to deliver,” said Zinedine Zidane in September.“Everyone expects a lot from him and he knows that. But we support him and as the games go by I am sure he is going to be the player we want him to be in this Real Madrid team.”But the international break checked Hazard’s momentum and he missed Madrid’s first match back, a 1-0 loss away at Mallorca, due to the birth of his fourth child. In the three games since, he has appeared in bursts, delivering exhilirating moments like the glorious flick inside against Galatasaray and a run in behind to win the penalty against Leganes.“He sees things that other players cannot see,” Zidane said.Yet there have been disappointments too, not so much glaring errors as a general hesistance, a tendency to choose the safe option or fail to choose at all when in those attacking positions he usually relishes.Hazard’s most impressive showing so far was arguably against Real Betis last weekend, when Madrid failed to score but he had his exuberance back, not to mention the change of pace that at times has appeared worryingly absent.He was darting through gaps rather than turning away from them, taking risks, and unfortunate to see a superb goal ruled out for offside.“Everyone wants to see Eden playing better,” Zidane said last week. “But I see him getting much better every day. He will get there in the end for sure.”Madrid’s goalless draw against Betis shows why Hazard’s crescendo must find its climax, and quickly, if Zidane’s team are to avoid the same problems up front that proved their undoing last season.Despite the best efforts of Benzema in recent months, the void left by Cristiano Ronaldo is still to be filled and although Hazard has never been a prolific scorer, he can contribute and enhance the numbers of others.Those that know Hazard say he has a relaxed, down-to-earth personality, unfazed by attention and uninterested in the pizazz of modern football. Perhaps it is one of the reasons his move to Madrid was not pushed through sooner.But to succeed, he is likely not only to need that zip again that comes only with full fitness but self-belief, to take ownership of this Madrid side in the same way he once commanded the adoration of Stamford Bridge.Few doubt Hazard will soon rediscover his peak, certainly not Zidane, who insists goals are all he needs. Real Madrid need them too.Share on: WhatsApp
In this photo taken on Thursday, Oct. 16, 2014, lifelong Mississippi resident Logenvia Morris poses at her home in Jackson, Miss., next to her prize possession, the first Mississippi game jersey her son Aaron Morris wore for the football team. Morris, who goes to every football game to cheer for her son, said the offensive lineman had to overcome his grandfather’s deep skepticism about whether black students are truly welcome at the university. The warm welcome extended to both mother and son during a recruiting visit by students and players are among the main reasons the Morris family were quick to join the Ole Miss family. (AP Photo/Rogelio V. Solis)OXFORD, Miss. (AP) — Ole Miss is enjoying its best football season in a half-century, and that’s bringing new attention to Mississippi’s flagship university.The Rebels haven’t played this well since 1962, which happens to be the same year troops stood up to mob violence to force the University of Mississippi, under federal court order, to admit James Meredith as its first Black student.School leaders have struggled ever since to improve both the image and the reality of a place once seen as a bastion of segregation.The latest initiative is a diversity plan Chancellor Dan Jones is rolling out this year, addressing symbols and substance to make the campus more inclusive.The United States is not yet “a truly post-racial society,” Jones explained. “Our unique history regarding race provides not only a larger responsibility for providing leadership on race issues, but also a large opportunity — one we should and will embrace.”For example, the school will hold onto its Ole Miss nickname, but only for athletics. Although consultants said fans and alumni generally view it only as a chummy name for their favorite team, “Ole Miss” was what slaves called a plantation owner’s wife, and critics say it is too rooted in the past to be used today.Confederate Drive has been renamed Chapel Drive. There’s a new Center for Inclusion and Cross-Cultural Engagement, where African-American students can get mentors. The university plans to hire a vice chancellor for diversity. And, there’s a scholarly effort to document not-so-flattering aspects of the school’s history.The plan builds on previous changes: Jones’ predecessor, Robert Khayat, banned hand-held flagpoles from the stadium in 1997 after coaches complained that Confederate flag-waving was hurting recruiting, and about a decade ago, the university retired Col. Rebel, a mascot whose image recalled a crusty old plantation owner.But there is no official talk now of doing away with the Rebels team name. Instead, Jones plans to add more Black symbols on campus. Part of an athletics training facility was recently named after the school’s first two Black football players. A life-size statue of Meredith was dedicated outside the administration building in 2006.Trying to put distance between Dixie and a school that has represented Southern elites since its founding in 1848 bothers Frank Hurdle, a developer in Oxford who edited The Daily Mississippian student newspaper in 1987-88.“You just don’t sweep every bit of history under the rug,” Hurdle said. “I don’t see any reason to act as if the past never happened. It’s not healthy.”Some sports fans also are rolling their eyes — isn’t it enough, they wonder, that the Rebels are finally ranked No. 3 in the nation in the Associated Press poll?Athletics Director Ross Bjork would like to change the conversation, saying journalists don’t write about segregationist Gov. George Wallace blocking the door to Black students at the University of Alabama in the 1960s every time the Crimson Tide has a good year, nor do they mention that Mississippi State, now ranked No. 1, integrated later than Ole Miss.But Bjork says the topic of race relations comes up when Ole Miss recruits for its football team, which is about 70 percent Black. African-Americans comprise 14 percent of the overall student body.“We do have those questions, and we choose to face them head-on,” Bjork told The Associated Press. “What we say is, ‘Come see for yourself.’”Oxford is in the gently rolling hills of north Mississippi — cotton and kudzu country immortalized by Nobel laureate William Faulkner, who lived and wrote just a short stroll from the campus.Civil War-era traditions have a tenacious hold here: As the Rebels trounced Tennessee 34-3 on Homecoming Saturday, cheers echoed down from the shiny modern stadium into a nearby cemetery where Confederate troops are buried. The University Greys, a unit of students and faculty who fought for the Confederacy, are commemorated in a stained-glass window in a campus building. A marble statue of a Confederate soldier salutes from atop a pillar near the administration building.Change is evident, too. On a typically balmy day this Southern autumn, a crowd gathered to watch a dozen members of the Black Phi Beta Sigma fraternity step-dance to hip-hop music in front of the student union. The mix of students — Black, White, Asian and Hispanic — enjoyed the scene, some snapping photos.Life on campus hasn’t been all sunshine and magnolias.The night President Barack Obama was re-elected, police were called after a shouting match erupted between White and Black students. And in February 2014, a noose and an old Georgia flag with the Confederate battle emblem were draped on the Meredith statue. Several White Sigma Phi Epsilon fraternity members were implicated, and their chapter was suspended.Meredith, now 81, is treated as a celebrity when he returns to campus for football games, almost always wearing an Ole Miss hat. But he wrote in his memoir that the statue should be destroyed, rather than serve as “a public relations tool for the powers that be at Ole Miss, and a feel-good icon of brotherly love and racial reconciliation, frozen in gentle docility.”Some current Black students say the school could be more diverse.“It’s a friendly environment now, but Black representation is not prominent,” said Zacchaeus McEwan, an 18-year-old freshman who’s in the new mentoring program.Logenvia Morris attends every game to cheer on her 22-year-old son, Aaron, who plays offensive line. He enrolled only after overcoming his grandfather’s deep skepticism about whether he’d be welcomed, she said.“He always told me, ‘That school is not the place you want to send your son — unless you want to send the military with him,’” she said. But on a campus visit, people went out of their way to greet them: “I did not get that negativity that I was expecting.”___Online: University of Mississippi diversity report: http://bit.ly/1scsF3k___Follow Emily Wagster Pettus on Twitter: http://twitter.com/EWagsterPettus
PSG’s Neymar, center left, is tackled by Marseille’s Hiroki Sakai, during the French League One soccer match between Paris Saint-Germain and Marseille at the Parc des Princes Stadium, in Paris, France, Sunday, Feb. 25, 2018. (AP Photo/Thibault Camus)PARIS — Neymar went off on a stretcher after twisting his right ankle late in league leader Paris Saint-Germain’s 3-0 victory against Marseille on Sunday.The Brazil striker was taken off with 10 minutes remaining, after going in for a challenge on Marseille defender Bouna Sarr.ADVERTISEMENT PSG coach Unai Emery is hopeful that Neymar will recover in time for the Champions League game against Real Madrid on March 6. PSG trails 3-1 from the first leg in the last 16.“The first tests revealed a twist. We will do further tests,” Emery said. “For the match against Real, if I had to say ‘yes or no’ right now, I’d say yes.”FEATURED STORIESSPORTSTim Cone, Ginebra set their sights on elusive All-Filipino crownSPORTSGinebra beats Meralco again to capture PBA Governors’ Cup titleSPORTSAfter winning title, time for LA Tenorio to give back to Batangas folkNeymar had his head in his hands and appeared tearful as he was taken off. His standing leg jarred as he lost balance and the weight of his body went onto his ankle, which briefly buckled under him.“Of course I’m worried about Neymar,” PSG goalkeeper Alphonse Areola said. “His ankle was quite swollen. He’s an important player for us and I hope he comes back quickly.” It’s too early to present Duterte’s ‘legacy’ – Lacson Steam emission over Taal’s main crater ‘steady’ for past 24 hours Phivolcs records 2 ‘discrete weak ash explosions’ at Taal Volcano The second goal came from the other side, as midfielder Adrien Rabiot broke down the left and his cross found Neymar, whose side-footed pass was turned into his own net by center half Jorge Rolando in the 28th.PSG’s third in the 56th owed nothing to fortune, as Cavani expertly controlled Neymar’s pass from the left with the inside of his foot, easily turned Rolando and smacked in a powerful shot past goalkeeper Yohann Pele for his league-leading 24th of the season.Mbappe shook his head disapprovingly when substituted, with winger Angel Di Maria replacing him for the last 30 minutes.Marseille threatened mainly from midfielder Dimitri Payet’s laser-like free kicks, but no one could get on the end of them.___SAME OLD MISTAKESLyon’s poor defending cost the team once again as right back Mathieu Debuchy scored a last-minute equalizer for local rival Saint-Etienne in a 1-1 draw.Debuchy, a recent signing from Premier League Arsenal, was left unmarked inside the penalty area to steer in a shot off the post from Remy Cabella’s left-wing cross.Lyon has only two points from the past five games — conceding 11 goals — and the club’s hopes of securing a top-three finish and a place in next season’s Champions League are fading fast. Fourth-place Lyon is five points behind third-place Marseille.A brilliantly executed goal from striker Mariano Diaz, his 15th of the season, gave Lyon a 19th-minute lead. He chested down a long pass from Brazilian defender Marcelo with his back to goal, flicked the ball around a defender with his right foot and then regained his balance before adroitly clipping it with his left past goalkeeper Stephane Ruffier.The two teams are bitter rivals with 17 league titles between them, including a French-record 10 for Saint-Etienne. But Lyon has been the superior team for many years, winning seven titles from 2002-08.SAVED BY THE WOODWORK Sea turtle trapped in net freed in Legazpi City Nueva Ecija warehouse making fake cigarettes raided, 29 Chinese workers nabbed Nice was reprieved by the woodwork four times in a 0-0 draw at Bordeaux.Bordeaux striker Nicolas De Preville hit the crossbar in the first half and in stoppage time.The post was also hit by midfielder Soualiho Meite in the 12th minute and center half Paul Baysee in the 89th. Bordeaux is in eighth place and Nice remains ninth.Sports Related Videospowered by AdSparcRead Next GALLERY: Barangay Ginebra back as PBA Governors’ Cup kings Lights inside SMX hall flicker as Duterte rants vs Ayala, Pangilinan anew Phivolcs records 2 ‘discrete weak ash explosions’ at Taal Volcano PSG’s game against fierce rival Marseille was heated, especially in the second half, with cheap challenges from both teams and 11 yellow cards — six of them for the hosts.“We were solid and we tried to control the game,” PSG captain Thiago Silva said. “It’s a shame that we lost an important player (Neymar) at the end.”The win moved PSG 14 points clear of second-place Monaco, with only 11 games left. Marseille is two points further back in third.PSG’s first two goals stemmed from Marseille’s mistakes at the back.In the 10th minute, PSG right back Dani Alves’ pass behind the defense was easily read by left back Jordan Amavi. But rather than clearing the ball properly, his soft sliding tackle knocked it to Kylian Mbappe, who skipped past another defender before drilling a low shot into the bottom right corner.ADVERTISEMENT UK plans Brexit celebrations but warns businesses may suffer LATEST STORIES Spurs stop 4-game slide, rope LeBron, Cavaliers Don’t miss out on the latest news and information. MOST READ Carpio hits red carpet treatment for China Coast Guard PLAY LIST 02:14Carpio hits red carpet treatment for China Coast Guard02:56NCRPO pledges to donate P3.5 million to victims of Taal eruption00:56Heavy rain brings some relief in Australia02:37Calm moments allow Taal folks some respite03:23Negosyo sa Tagaytay City, bagsak sa pag-aalboroto ng Bulkang Taal01:13Christian Standhardinger wins PBA Best Player award View comments
CINCINNATI – Jimmy Garoppolo saw Marquise Goodwin break wide open. When the Bengals did, it was too late. The 49ers’ trickery began the Bengals’ demiseGoodwin scored the first of his team’s five touchdowns in a 41-17 rout of the Cincinnati Bengals.What was Garoppolo thinking as Goodwin raced uncovered into empty space on the field’s left side, after lining up as a tight end on the right side? How hard was it not to blow the play of the game?“It’s not hard but it’s just nerve wracking,” …
(Visited 28 times, 1 visits today)FacebookTwitterPinterestSave分享0 Every body part has its place and is well-designed for its function.This is just a quick list of new findings about the body, with links for further study.Your interface to the world: PNAS says, “The human skin is an organ with a surface area of 1.5–2 m2 that provides our interface with the environment. The molecular composition of this organ is derived from host cells, microbiota, and external molecules.”Rip resistance: Your skin is remarkably resistant to tearing, Science Daily says. A photo shows why: “Collagen fibrils in the dermis of the skin are normally curvy and highly disordered, but (right) in response to a tear align themselves with the tension axis (arrow) to resist further damage.”Wound healing: Science Daily says that the mystery of wound healing is being unlocked by research at the University of Arizona. How do cells rush to heal a wound? To start with, there are leader cells and follower cells.Wong’s team observed that when cells collectively migrate toward a wound, leader cells expressing a form of messenger RNA, or mRNA, genetic code specific to the DII4 protein emerge at the front of the pack, or migrating tip. The leader cells, in turn, send signals to follower cells, which do not express the genetic messenger. This elaborate autoregulatory system remains activated until new tissue has covered a wound.How a wound closes: In addition, cells move cooperatively to form new ranks, says Science Daily about research at the University of Heidelberg. The article tells how a protein named Merlin runs a “marathon” as it senses tension and sends signals to other proteins. Merlin is also a tumor suppressor.Echo chamber: To identify the location of a sound, we need to hear echos, Science Daily says. The bouncing echoes in the environment, heard from two points of view in the two ears, provide our brains with localization cues. Reverb is part of our auditory sensing.Breast milk: The “digestive brilliance” of mother’s milk is explored in an article on PhysOrg. The milk forms into highly-organized structures during digestion that are key to the infant’s nutrition. “Human breast milk is key to the survival and development of humans, yet until now we had no idea of the rich structure formation when it is digested,” a researcher at Monash University said.Bionic leg improves on evolution? Nature says that an unpowered”exoskeleton” that looks like a calf brace can improve energy efficiency while walking. The headline says that this “improves on evolution” compared to the natural leg, because people walking with the brace use 7% less energy. “That may not sound like much, but the mechanics of the human body have been shaped by millions of years of evolution, and some experts had doubted that there was room for further improvement in human locomotion, short of skating along on wheels.” The invention would surely be a hindrance for swimming, gymnastics, and dozens of other human activities, though.Live and let liver: The liver has a backup system to recover from crisis, Science Daily reports. It comes in the form of an “antioxidant system” that relies on methionine, one of the amino acids found in dietary protein. Mouse livers that were under stress and threat of failure revived with methionine in the diet when the two other antioxidant systems in liver cells, the thioredoxin and glutathione systems, were not working.Eye of the cyclops: We have two eyes, but get one image. How are they merged into a singular view of the world? The brain works as a cyclops, Medical Xpress says, compensating for the differences in the images. Visual calibration performed by the brain gives us a sharper image than a single eye could.Did language evolve? Humans are verbal communicators. Put any two together, and a conversation is likely to develop, using abstract concepts, reasoning, and basic assumptions about morality. This is made possible by unique vocal apparatus and a brain able to command it for a purpose. Did all of this come about by slow and gradual accidental mutations? Consider this statement in Science Daily by a linguist from MIT: “The hierarchical complexity found in present-day language is likely to have been present in human language since its emergence.” It should be noted that selection acts only a single traits, not hierarchical complexity.Are you thankful for these insights coming from design-based science? It’s design-based, because there is a subtext that assumes purposes exist for things we do not yet understand. The few mentions of evolution are throwaway lines. When we see design, our response should be thankfulness, and a redoubling of efforts to increase our understanding with deeper research.
Share Facebook Twitter Google + LinkedIn Pinterest In 2001, Lynn Eberhard and his sons, Eric and Greg, picked up some new farm ground that was pretty tough. Is was a fairly dry year for Seneca County in 2001 and that farm averaged 59 bushels of corn per acre. There was clearly some work to be done with regard to improving the poorly drained, Blount soil on the farm.Retired from the Seneca County Soil and Water Conservation District, Lynn had a long track record of no-till and cover crop use in his farm operation, so that is where they started.“That first year we tilled it because it had been chiseled the year before that. Since then it has been in no-till,” Lynn said. “We have also used cover crops on that farm religiously. At the time we got that farm, we were predominantly using rye.”With a base of continuous no-till and cover crops, the Eberhards set to work on the fertility.“We soil tested and the pH was around 4.8. We added lime and P and K,” Lynn said. “We systematically tiled in in ’06. Then in ’09 we started using tillage radishes for cover crops on the farm. In the last two years we have used fungicide and started foliar feeding.”After years of working to improve the production of that farm, there are significant and obvious differences.“That field is a lot softer today than it was in ‘01. When we started in that field, it was so hard our 750 drill was just chattering. Now you can go in there and it is soft on top — a lot more mellow,” he said. “We’ve still got some compaction issues on that farm and we are trying to work on that with some annual ryegrass and more radishes. We didn’t have the moisture standing on the ground in the spring this year as long as the conventionally tilled fields around here and that ground holds the moisture longer for when we need it. That 59-bushel field from ‘01 was at 200 bushels for a field average this fall, which is the highest it has ever been. The drainage improvement was the No. 1 thing that field needed and getting the pH balanced out was probably No. 2. The fertility was No. 3 and the no-till and cover crops were a big part of that too.”2015 No-Till Council award winners recognized: Mark Wilson, Land Stewards, LLC. (left) Business/Industry Award; Norm Fausey, USDA-ARS, (second from left) Educator/Researcher Award; Lynn Eberhard (center) and his sons, Outstanding No-Till Farmer.This year the area dodged the worst of the wet spring and early summer, which also helped the yields on the farm.“We got a good bit of rain but not like they got to the east of us in Norwalk or further west in Van Wert,” Lynn said. “This year we started planting corn about the first week of May and the beans were done the 15th of May. We had most of the corn planted in a week and were finished with corn around May 10 or 11. We had some rain after that but we weren’t drowned out. Then we got a nice window to sidedress in June. It got kind of dry in August, but with the mulch we have on the ground we kept the moisture.”No-till started on the farm more than 35 years ago.“I was working in the Soil and Water office in Seneca County and we got a no-till drill in late 70s. I was in charge of getting it around and getting people to use it. It seemed like it would save a lot of work as far as tillage so I thought I would try it,” Lynn said. “It yielded as well as our conventional beans did and it seemed like a good thing to do. I just started on 10 acres with beans with the no-till drill in 1980. A few years later we tried corn with a planter. It worked and we bought a White 5100 no-till planter in 1985. Corn was more difficult after wheat because we couldn’t get the soil to dry, but if you planted corn after beans it worked much better. At the time, the biggest thing with no-till was the reduced labor. “Through the years, they have not changed much with the equipment.“We added reside managers to the planter a while back and then we took them off because stuff was wrapping up on them and we never put them back on,” Lynn said. “Two years ago we got the Graham Electric drive so we could variable rate plant. One of the key things for no-till is waiting until the field is fit to plant and get things killed off. We don’t have fancy stuff for planting in the mud because we just don’t plant in the mud.”The biggest change to enhance the no-till on the farm has been with cover crops, not equipment. In the early 1990s, Eberhard started experimenting with cereal rye.“The biggest problem we had with no-till was getting the wheat stubble to dry out, so we’d plant rye after wheat harvest,” he said. “That helped a lot to dry the ground out in early spring for planting the beans.”The benefits of the cover crops have made them a management priority on the farm.“Instead of planting mid- to late- beans we plant 1.9s to 2.9s so we can get them off earlier. We’re planting 90- to 100-day corn so we can get the crops off and the cover crops planted,” Lynn said. “Sometimes we are in the same field planting cover crops behind the combine. We try to get the cover crops in if the field is open. We really haven’t encountered challenges with insects, disease or controlling them. We do watch for armyworms after the rye, but we have never had to spray insecticides for them.”For the last 10 years, all of the farm’s 700 acres have been covered year round with around 100 acres of wheat in the rotation and a combination of numerous blends of cover crops, said Eric Eberhard.“When my brother and I got more involved with the farm we just never let the ball drop with cover crops. We just kept it rolling. The biggest thing we brought to the farm is more diversity with cover crops. Dad always stuck with single species like tillage radish, or cereal rye, or winter peas. Now we are trying six- and eight-way blends into the wheat stubble instead of just radishes, or rapeseed with the cereal rye. We are trying to get things moving faster,” Eric said. “I work in ag retail and I noticed right away that we didn’t need so many chemicals to keep the weeds like marestail at bay. Different cover crop blends have a lot to offer. Just straight radishes have their place, but they seem to do so much better in a mix. It is sort of an experiment every time that all depends upon the soil type. I know different growers have different things they like because that is what works on their farm.”The Eberhards are continuing to develop cover crop strategies for the different soil types and different crop rotations.“We like to include cereal rye in front of soybeans, winter peas before corn and radishes after wheat,” Eric said. “The cereal rye helps dry out the ground in the spring for the beans and its weed suppression is second to none — for marestail and giant ragweed especially. It also helps add organic matter to the soybeans. Winter pea before corn provides so many roots. We plant ours in 15-inch rows. We dig them up in the row and right in the middle of the rows and it is the same amount of roots all the way across, 8 inches down — unbelievable. There really haven’t been too many cover crops we don’t like.”The cost of cover crop blends can get steep, but the Eberhards see tremendous value in using them.“We try to not put too much of some kinds in the blends so we don’t break the bank. Most of the time our seed costs are around $30 an acre, but on some of our tougher fields, if we get up to $50 an acre I think it is worth it to address those tough situations we are seeing to get those fields where they need to be,” Eric said. “The cover crops have made the biggest impacts in our poorest fields. If cover crops can improve your poor ground that much, just imagine what they do on your good ground.”Though the benefits of their healthier soils are hard to quantify, they know they have added value to the farm.“Our biggest issue is that we can’t keep residue on the surface of the ground. The worms come up and just eat it all,” Eric said. “We are trying to grow higher organic matter cover crops to feed what is underneath the ground. The ground is so mellow now and so easy to work with.”Cover crops also provide value that can be quantified.“With the cover crops, those fields are ready to plant in the spring. I didn’t spend $25 an acre tearing it up and another $20 to put it back down. The fields are ready to go after the cover crops. We save labor, time and fuel with farming the way we do,” Lynn said. “It also has helped reduce spraying costs. With marestail we have had to keep spraying, but we kill the marestail and then the cover crop keeps it under control.”They are also considering ratcheting down fertilizer use in the future.“After winter peas last year we cut nitrogen rates by half in test strips and the cut rate yielded only two bushels less. We are not ready to commit to it yet but it is something we are looking at,” Lynn said. “And, all the neighbor ladies like to see the sunflowers and the landlords in general like to see the cover crops. They are happy when they can go out in their fields and see earthworms.”Happy landlords, lower costs, better soils and improved yields make the Eberhards confident in the system of no-till and cover crops on their farm.“We may be a day or two later planting than others, but based on the coffee shop talk around here I’d say our yields are keeping up with everyone else’s,” Lynn said. “There are some challenges, but when you see a problem with the no-till you have to remember there are failures with conventional systems too. There was a time when I thought we were giving up a little yield with the no-till, but today I don’t believe we are giving anything up as far as yields go.”